In today’s fast-paced digital age, visualizing and understanding complex data is of paramount importance. Dash, a Python-based framework, is an incredible tool for building analytical applications with ease. In this article, we will dive into Dash, explore its potential, and learn how to create intuitive, styled applications using Dash Bootstrap Components.

Understanding Dash in Python

Dash is an open-source Python framework used to build analytical web applications. Unlike other Python libraries such as Matplotlib or Seaborn, Dash is unique because it translates your Python code into HTML and JavaScript. This means you can create powerful, interactive applications without any knowledge of web development languages.

One of the exciting facets of Dash is its ability to create dynamic applications, thanks to its reactive programming structure. Reactive programming means that your Dash application will automatically update and respond to any changes in your input data, making it incredibly powerful for interactive data visualization and analysis.

Exploring Dash Bootstrap Components

Dash Bootstrap Components are a set of components that help style your Dash application in an aesthetic and user-friendly manner. They offer the versatility of the Bootstrap CSS framework to your Dash applications. With these, you can easily implement common Bootstrap elements such as grids, cards, dropdowns, and more. They make your Dash apps responsive and compatible across different screen sizes.

Building a Dash Application: A Basic Example

In our first example, let’s create a simple Dash application that displays a welcoming message. Make sure you’ve installed Dash and the Dash Bootstrap Components by using pip:

$ pip install dash dash-bootstrap-components

Here is a barebones Dash application:

import dash
import dash_bootstrap_components as dbc
from dash import html

app = dash.Dash(__name__, external_stylesheets=[dbc.themes.BOOTSTRAP])

app.layout = html.Div("Hello, Dash!", className="p-5")

if __name__ == "__main__":

Run the above application using the below command:

$ python3

The above application will display the text “Hello, Dash!” on your localhost.

Building a Dash Application: Complex Graphs Example

Let’s delve deeper and create a Dash application that includes two interactive graphs using Plotly and styled with Dash Bootstrap Components. To demonstrate this, we’ll use a classic dataset: the Iris dataset.

First, install necessary packages, Dash, Plotly, and Dash Bootstrap Components:

$ pip install dash dash-bootstrap-components plotly pandas

Next, let’s load our dataset and start building our application:

import dash
import dash_bootstrap_components as dbc
from dash import dcc
from dash import html
from dash.dependencies import Input, Output
import as px
import pandas as pd

df = pd.read_csv('')

app = dash.Dash(__name__, external_stylesheets=[dbc.themes.BOOTSTRAP])

app.layout = html.Div([
            dcc.Graph(id='scatter', config={'displayModeBar': False}),
        ], md=6),

            dcc.Graph(id='box', config={'displayModeBar': False}),
        ], md=6)

                         options=[{'label': i, 'value': i} for i in df.species.unique()],

    Output('scatter', 'figure'),
    Output('box', 'figure'),
    Input('species', 'value')
def update_graphs(species):
    dff = df[df.species == species]
    scatter = px.scatter(dff, x='sepal_length', y='sepal_width', color='species')
    box =, x='species', y='petal_length')
    return scatter, box

if __name__ == "__main__":

In this application, we have two graphs - a scatter plot and a box plot. The scatter plot visualizes the sepal length and width of different iris species. The box plot shows the distribution of petal length for the selected species. A dropdown list allows us to choose a specific species, and our graphs will reactively update according to our selection.


Dash opens the gateway to creating interactive, data-centric web applications using just Python. When coupled with Dash Bootstrap Components, the result is aesthetically pleasing and responsive applications, perfectly suited for today’s multi-screen world.

We’ve used Dash and Dash Bootstrap Components to build a complex interactive application showcasing iris species data. We learned how to create and style multiple graphs and implement a dropdown selection component to manipulate these graphs dynamically.

comments powered by Disqus