Today automation is the key for any project. Python Splinter is the new tool in Web Automation Testing space. Splinter has an easy to use API when compared to Selenium. Splinter uses Selenium web driver and built on same principles as Selenium.
Today web applications are becoming more complex with lot of features. Mobile first approach of web applications requires more testing. Automation will help in testing complex business logic and provide a quality product to the customers.
Below steps are followed while testing a webpage:
- Start the Browser
- Load the page into the browser
- Navigate to appropriate element or section
- Do Actions – Click, enter data, select etc.
- Verify the result
- Close the Browser
Python Splinter will help you in handling all the above activities.
We can install Splinter using PIP, the default package installer for Python.
$ pip install splinter
I am using Python3 and created my virtual environment.
A very simple program to get started with Python Splinter.
Note: You need to download the respective Webdrivers for the browsers and keep it in your PATH. Below are the links to Firefox and Chrome drivers.
- Firefox – https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases
- Chrome – https://chromedriver.chromium.org/downloads
Firefox is the default browser. To select a browser your have pass it as an argument to Browser class.
browser = Browser('chrome') will launch Chrome browser if chrome driver is available in the PATH.
When you execute the above script. Firefox or Chrome browser will open and load the page. Sometimes we need to hide the browser window. This is called
headless mode. Though the browser is opened it will not be visible on the screen. This is very much useful in non-GUI environments like servers. To run the test cases in headless mode we need to make
browser = Browser('chrome', headless=True)
You code snippet will look like:
Sometimes we need to test with proxies. One of our client wants to test region specific features in his web page. So we identified proxies from various countries and tested the application. Below example show how to setup a proxy for
Chrome browser with
Webdriver Chrome options. For full source code visit my github.
You can get free proxies from websites like SSLProxies. We used BeautifulSoup to scrape those proxies.
Splinter supports Django and Flask driver as well. It means you can test your Flask and Django applications. Below is a simple example with Flask.
Splinter provides 7 methods to find elements in a page:
- id – find_by_id(‘header’)
- css – find_by_css(‘p[class=”ip-address”]’)
- xpath – find_by_xpath(‘//h1’)
- tag – find_by_tag(‘span’)
- name – find_by_name(name)
- text – find_by_text(“content”)
- value – find_by_value(value)
For more information refer to finding elements documentation
We use Python Splinter extensively for web automation testing especially testing webcam applications for a client. Refer to this article for faking web cam applications. We built a Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework around it. Very soon you will expect an article on this. Apart from test automation we use Python Splinter for scraping web to extract content.